Fonetik dan Fonologi

Fonetika phonetics or linguistics is the science that studies the sound produced by humans. On the other hand is a science-based phonology and phonetics study fonetika system.
International Phonetic Association (IPA) has observed more than 100 different human sounds and the International Phonetic Alphabet mentranskripsikannya them. Fonetika science first studied around the 5th century BC in Ancient India by Pāṇini, the sages who studied Sanskrit. All the characters are based on Indian characters are still using the Panini classification, including some characters archipelago. Ancient Greek writings crowned as the first basic writing alphabet symbol. Modern Fonetika initiated by Alexander Melville Bell in his book Visible Speech (1867) which introduced a system of writing language sounds accurately and regularly.

Phonetics and then grow rapidly in the late 19th century due to the discovery of the phonograph, the articulatory who studied the position and movement of the lips, tongue and other human organs that produce noise or sounds of language. Acoustic phonetic study sound waves and how they are to be heard by the human ear, and auditory phonetics that studies the perception of sound and especially how the brain processes incoming data as sound

help recording the sounds of language. Thanks to these tools, fonetisi can learn the language sounds better, easily, and accurately than ever before because the tool can repeat speech taped up fonetisi can analyze it accurately. By using Edison's phonograph, Hermann Ludimar investigate the spectral properties of sound and kontoid vokoid. In his scientific work is the term formant was introduced. Hermann also twirling sounds vokoid using Edison's phonograph in various speeds in order to test theories about Willis and Wheatstone vokoid sound production. Fonetika has three main branches of phonetics

So what is Phonology?
Phonology is the study of vocabulary phonemes of a language and its distribution.
Phonology different from phonetics. Phonetic learning how sounds or phonemes of a language is realized pronounced. Phonetics is also studying the workings of the human body organs, especially those related to the use of language. Consists of, vowels, consonants, diphthongs (double vowels written), and cluster (consonant written double). Phonological terbadi of two parts, namely Phonetic and phonemic.

Other terms relating to, among others, Fona Phonology, phonemes, consonants, and vowels. Fona is a speech sound that is neutral, or still unproven distinguish meaning, are phoneme is the smallest unit of speech sound that distinguishes meaning. Phoneme variation due to the influence of the cluster environment called allophones. Picture or symbol font called phonemes. So different phonemes with letters. Unluk produce a sound or phoneme, there are three important elements, namely:
1.udara, 2.artikulator or moving parts of said tool, and 3.titik articulation or part of said tool is a touch point articulator. Vowel phonemes that are produced by moving air out without hindrance. Is consonant phonemes produced by moving air out of obstacles, in this case is an obstacle in this case is the inhibition of the air out by the articulator movement or change of position.